Enhanced absorption of electromagnetic waves in Ti3C2Tx MXene films with segregated polymer inclusions

Aamir Iqbal, Pradeep Sambyal, Jisung Kwon, Meikang Han, Junpyo Hong, Seon Joon Kim, Myung Ki Kim, Yury Gogotsi, Chong Min Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


MXenes occupy a leading position among materials capable of providing lightweight shielding against electromagnetic interference (EMI) owing to their outstanding metallic conductivity, low density, tunable surface chemistry, and easy solution processing. In this work, we demonstrate that multiple interfaces of segregated structure in MXene composites enhance the absorption of electromagnetic waves. Ti3C2Tx MXene composite films with segregated polystyrene (PS) inclusions were fabricated via a simple procedure that involves mixing conductive MXene flakes and insulative PS beads in an aqueous medium followed by vacuum filtration and hot pressing. As surface area of multiple interfaces increases, total EMI shielding effectiveness significantly increases at the same volume fraction of PS inclusions. Therefore, the improved shielding efficiency can be attributed to enhanced absorption of electromagnetic waves resulting from strong multiple reflections at internal interfaces of the segregated structure. This work highlights future challenges and provides guidelines toward new structural designs for next-generation shielding materials with tunable electromagnetic wave absorption properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108878
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept 8

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Electromagnetic interference shielding
  • Interfaces
  • Internal scattering
  • MXene
  • Multiple reflections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering(all)


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