Enhanced bioavailability of alpha-lipoic acid by complex formation with octenylsuccinylated high-amylose starch

Yi Xuan Li, Yeon Ji Kim, Chagam Koteswara Reddy, Sung Joon Lee, Seung Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An aqueous dispersion of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) using octenylsuccinic anhydride-modified high-amylose starch (OS) was prepared, and thermal stability and cellular bioavailability of ALA were compared with those prepared using native high-amylose starch (HA) and beta-cyclodextrin (β-CD). The ALA was homogeneously dispersed via the encapsulation of V-type amylose helices. In comparison with HA and β-CD, OS exhibited a higher ALA absorption in Caco-2 cells, indicating the OS facilitated the intestinal epithelial transport of ALA. Oral administration of the encapsulated ALA in-vivo resulted in a higher maximum ALA plasma concentration and extended the terminal half-life by 30–40%. The area under the plasma concentration vs. time for the administration of ALA complexed by OS was 50% larger than that by HA, indicating the effectiveness of OS in enhancing the oral bioavailability of ALA. These results indicate that OS is an efficient carrier for ALA in oral delivery and bioavailability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-45
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP No. 2017R1A2A2A05001120 ); and the Scientific Research Foundation of Jiangsu University of Science and Technology (Grant No. 1182931805 ). The authors thank Jongyeop Seok for the assistance with the animal experiments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Alpha-lipoic acid
  • Bioavailability
  • Cellular absorption
  • Encapsulation
  • Octenylsuccinylated high-amylose starch
  • V-type complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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