We observed a significant enhancement in light output from GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in which two-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) patterns were integrated. Two-dimensional square-lattice air-hole array patterns with a period that varied from 300 to 700 nm were generated by laser holography. Unlike the commonly utilized electron-beam lithographic technique, the holographic method can make patterns over a large area with high throughput. The resultant PC-LED devices with a pattern period of ∼500 nm had more than double the output power, as measured from the top of the device. The experimental observations are qualitatively consistent with the results of three-dimensional finite-difference-time-domain simulation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The work undertaken at Seoul National University was supported by the Nano Systems Institute under the National Core Research Center program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)