Saccharomyces cerevisiae was metabolically engineered to improve 1,2-propanediol production. Deletion of the tpi1 (triosephosphate isomerase) gene in S. cerevisiae increased the carbon flux to DHAP (dihydroxylacetone phosphate) in glycolysis, resulting in increased glycerol production. Then, the mgs and gldA genes, the products of which convert DHAP to 1,2-propanediol, were introduced to the tpi1-deficient strain using a multicopy plasmid. As expected, the intracellular level of methylglyoxal was increased by introduction of the mgs gene in S. cerevisiae and that of 1,2-propanediol by introduction of both the mgs and gldA genes. As a result, 1.11 g/l of 1,2-propanediol was achieved in flask culture.
- Metabolic engineering
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Triosephosphate isomerase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology