Enhanced solar water splitting of electron beam irradiated titaniaphotoanode by electrostatic spray deposition

Mukund G. Mali, Hyun Yoon, Seongpil An, Jae Young Choi, Ha Yong Kim, Byung Cheol Lee, Byung Nam Kim, Ji Hyun Park, Salem S. Al-Deyab, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Surface modifications are often made to titania films to improve its photocatalytic performance in watersplitting. We herein introduced electron beam irradiation to enhance the photocatalytic activities of anelectro-sprayed titania film for solar water splitting application. The film was fabricated by a facile andscalable electrostatic spraying deposition. According to SEM, X-ray diffraction, and Raman data, electronbeam densified the film and improved its crystallinity. Absorbance data indicated that the band gap ofthe E-beam film reduced, which in turn covered the wider range of absorbed light. These modificationsincreased oxygen vacancies or defects, which enhanced mobility and separation of electrons and holes.As a result, the E-beam film exhibited a threefold increase in the photocurrent density, compared to thatof the non-E-beam film. This electrosprayed titania film was used as a photoanode while the referenceand counter electrodes involved in the generation of hydrogen were made of Ag/AgCl and platinum,respectively. The intensity of the UV light illumination used was 1 mW/cm2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Human Resources Development program (KETEP-20124030200120) and by NRF-2014M2B2A4030509. The Authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for funding the work through the research group project No. RGP-VPP-089

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Electron beam
  • Electrostatic spray deposition
  • Thin film
  • TiO
  • Water splitting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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