Enhanced sonophotocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A using bimetal sulfide-intercalated MXenes, 2D/2D nanocomposite

Sivakumar Vigneshwaran, Byung Moon Jun, Subbaiah Muthu Prabhu, S. SD Elanchezhiyan, Yong Sik Ok, Sankaran Meenakshi, Chang Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


A novel 2D Ti3C2Tx MXene (MX) co-catalyst and NixMg4-xS4 (NMS) nanocomposite (NMS@MX) was simply prepared through a hydrothermal method and utilized as a sonophotocatalyst for the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA). Because the remediation of wastewater containing endocrine-disrupting compounds is an important issue in environmental fields, BPA was selected as the main organic pollutant to clarify the sonophotocatalytic activity of NMS@MX in this study. We confirmed the successful synthesis of NMS@MX through Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses. The mineralization of BPA via sonophotocatalysis with NMS@MX was much faster and more efficient than by applying photolysis and sonolysis, separately. The NMS@MX sonophotocatalyst showed high sonophotocatalytic activity based on ~92% degradation of BPA within 60 min using both visible light and ultrasonication. This outcome could have resulted from the mitigation of the photo-corrosion of metal sulfides through heterojunction structures combined with the highly conductive MX co-catalyst. Furthermore, NMS@MX showed excellent sonophotostability over four consecutive cycles for the degradation of BPA with negligible loss of sonophotocatalytic activity. Finally, we proposed the sonophotocatalytic degradation pathway of BPA in the Sono/Vis/MNS@MX system (Sono = sonolysis; Vis = photolysis).

Original languageEnglish
Article number117178
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • Bisphenol A
  • MXene
  • NiMgS
  • Sonophotocatalytic activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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