Enhanced thermostability of mesophilic endoglucanase Z with a high catalytic activity at active temperatures

Su Jung Kim, Ji Eun Joo, Sang Duck Jeon, Jeong Eun Hyeon, Seung Wook Kim, Young Soon Um, Sung Ok Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This is the first study for therrmostable mutants of mesophilic endoglucanase EngZ from Clostridium cellulovorans using by site-directed mutagenesis. K94R, S365P and their double mutant K94R/S365P had a wide range of active temperatures (30-60 °C). In addition, the optimal temperature of K94R/S365P was increased by 7.5 °C. K94R/S365P retained 78.3% relative activity at 70 °C, while the wild type retained only 5.8%. Especially, K94R/S365P remained 45.1-fold higher activity than the wild type at 70 °C. In addition, K94R/S365P was 3.1-fold higher activity than the wild type at 42.5 °C, which is the optimal temperature of the wild type. K94R/S365P showed also stimulated in 2.5-fold lower concentration of CaCl2 and delayed aggregation temperature in the presence of CaCl2 compared to the wild type. In pH stability, K94R/S365P was not influenced, but the optimum pH was transferred from pH 7 to pH 6. In long-term hydrolysis, K94R/S365P reduced the newly released reducing sugar yields after 12 h reaction; however, the yields consistently increased until 72 h. Finally, the total reducing sugar of K94R/S365P was 5.0-fold higher than the wild type at 50 °C, pH6. EngZ (K94R/S365P) can support information to develop thermostability of GH9 endoglucanase with a high catalytic efficiency as the potential industrial bioprocess candidate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to acknowledge financial support from the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program (10051513) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MI, Korea) and the R&D Convergence Program of NST (National Research Council of Science & Technology) of the Republic of Korea/KIST (Korea Institute of Science and Technology) (2E25402).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Cellulolytic efficiency
  • EngZ
  • Family 9 endoglucanase
  • Site-directed mutagenesis
  • Thermostability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • General Energy


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