Enhancement of electrode performance through surface modification using carbon nanotubes and porous gold nanostructures

Chanho Park, Haenglyun Jung, Juneseok You, Hyunjun Park, Yeongeun Yu, Seonwoo Lee, Kuewhan Jang, Sungsoo Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, the demand for the sensitive detection of nanomaterials and biomolecules has been increasing for evaluating the toxicity of nanomaterials and early diagnosis of diseases. Although many studies have developed new detection assays, these are heavily influenced by the capabilities of the detection equipment. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to improve electrode performance by modifying the surface of the detection electrode using a simple method. Electrode surface modification was performed using carbon nanotubes (CNT) and porous gold nanostructures (NS) with excellent electrical and chemical properties. Through the simple physical deposition of CNT and electrochemical reduction of NS, the increasement of the electrode surface area was achieved. Because of the CNTs attached to the electrodes at the first step, the metal ions constituting the NS can adhere well to the electrodes. Nanoparticles with a porous structure can be generated through electrochemical reduction (cyclic voltammetry) of metal ions attached to electrodes. Consequently, the surface area of the electrode increased and electrochemical performance was improved (confirmed by atomic force microscopy, Nyquist plot and Bode plot). To quantitatively confirm the improvement of electrode performance according to the surface change through the proposed treatment technique, DNA was detected. Unlike previous surface modification studies, the developed surface treatment technique can be applied to a variety of detection equipment. To confirm this, the detection was performed using two detection devices with different operating principles. DNA detection using the two types of equipment confirmed that the detection limit was increased by approximately 1000-fold through applying a simple surface treatment. In addition, this method is applicable to detect various sizes of nanomaterials. The method proposed in this study is simple and has the advantage that it can be applied to various devices and various materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number505502
Issue number50
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 10

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • CNT
  • DNA detection
  • electrode
  • nanostructure
  • sensor
  • surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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