Enhancing the confinement of ultra-high-strength concrete columns using headed crossties

Hyun Oh Shin, Young Soo Yoon, William D. Cook, Denis Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the influence of headed crossties on the confinement of 200 MPa ultra-high-strength concrete (UHSC) columns. A Total of six UHSC columns confined by headed crossties (deformed reinforcing bars with heads welded on both ends) and seismic crossties, detailed with 90° bend anchorages alternated end to end, were constructed and tested under pure axial load. The amount and yield strength of transverse reinforcement were varied to determine the efficiency of headed crossties on the confinement of the UHSC columns. The columns with seismic crossties exhibited some loss in confinement due to the loss of anchorage of the 90° hooks that opened up before significant yielding of the crossties could occur. The relatively small heads used are capable of developing the yield force of high-strength transverse reinforcement in the UHSC columns. The use of high-strength headed crossties resulted in improved confinement compared to columns with high-strength seismic crossties resulting in improved post-peak performance of UHSC columns. A prediction model that accounts for the additional confinement pressure due to the bearing of the heads, brittle cover spalling and the stress-strain relationship of UHSC was used to predict the axial load-strain behavior of the UHSC columns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-100
Number of pages15
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) ( NRF-2016R1A2B30113922 and NRF-2014R1A6A3A03056173 ). The structural experimental program was carried out at McGill University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd


  • Column
  • Confinement
  • Headed crossties
  • High-strength steel
  • Post-peak performance
  • Seismic crossties
  • Ultra-high-strength concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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