A robust piezo-resistive nanocomposite flexible sensor has been developed using an innovative combination of materials, i.e., magnetite-decorated graphene/poly(ionic liquid) compatibilized poly(urethane) (TPU/Fe3O4@RGO-PIL). The transducer has been fabricated by spray layer by layer (sLbL) to structure an original three-dimensional architecture in which: reduced graphene oxide (RGO) platelets are used to build the conducting network, PIL stabilizes this percolated assembly, Fe3O4 NP act as nano-spacers between platelets to prevent their stacking and facilitate their switching, and TPU matrix brings cohesion and flexibility to the whole assembly. This strategy results in highly sensitive TPU/Fe3O4@RGO-PIL flexible nanocomposite sensors (high gauge factor in pure compression up to 6.2, exceptionally low threshold pressure 0.5 kPa, Negative Pressure Coefficient), yielding a linear response in a large range of pressures (10–200 kPa), with robust and reproducible piezo-resistive properties (weak hysteresis upon loading unloading cycling, stability of signals up to 100 000 cycles, with 2 ms dephasing). These performances are promising for a variety of applications in flexible and wearable electronics, such as tactile sensors, sensing skins and compressive strain sensors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant of University of South Brittany (France). We are grateful to Hervé Béllegou and Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni for their contributions to this work.
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- General Materials Science