Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been globally reported at various sites. Currently, limited literature is available on VOC bioremediation using bacterial-immobilized biochar (BC–B). In this study, multiple VOC-degrading bacteria were enriched and isolated using a newly designed diffusion bioreactor. The most effective VOC-degrading bacteria were then immobilized on rice husk-derived pristine biochar (BC) to develop BC-B. Finally, the performances of BC and BC-B for VOCs (benzene, toluene, xylene, and trichloroethane) bioremediation were evaluated by establishing batch microcosm experiments (Control, C; bioconsortium, BS; pristine biochar, BC; and bacterial-immobilized biochar, BC-B). The results revealed that the newly designed diffusion bioreactor effectively simulated native VOC-contaminated conditions, easing the isolation of 38 diverse ranges of VOC-degrading bacterial strains. Members of the genus Pseudomonas were isolated in the highest (26.33%). The most effective bacterial strain was Pseudomonas sp. DKR-23, followed by Rhodococcus sp. Korf-18, which degraded multiple VOCs in the range of 52–75%. The batch microcosm experiment data showed that BC-B remediated the highest >90% of various VOCs, which was comparatively higher than that of BC, BS, and C. In addition, compared with C, the BS, BC, and BC-B microcosms abundantly reduced the half-life of various VOCs, implying a beneficial impact on the degradation behavior of VOCs. Altogether, this study suggests that a diffusion bioreactor system can be used as a cultivation device for the isolation of a wide range of VOC-degrading bacterial strains, and a compatible combination of biochar and bacteria may be an attractive and promising approach for the sustainable bioremediation of multiple VOCs.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
- Bacteria isolation
- Bacterial-immobilized biochar
- Diffusion bioreactor system
- Volatile organic compounds
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis