Entanglement-assisted operator codeword stabilized quantum codes

Jeonghwan Shin, Jun Heo, Todd A. Brun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we introduce a unified framework to construct entanglement-assisted quantum error-correcting codes (QECCs), including additive and nonadditive codes, based on the codeword stabilized (CWS) framework on subsystems. The CWS framework is a scheme to construct QECCs, including both additive and nonadditive codes, and gives a method to construct a QECC from a classical error-correcting code in standard form. Entangled pairs of qubits (ebits) can be used to improve capacity of quantum error correction. In addition, it gives a method to overcome the dual-containing constraint. Operator quantum error correction (OQEC) gives a general framework to construct QECCs. We construct OQEC codes with ebits based on the CWS framework. This new scheme, entanglement-assisted operator codeword stabilized (EAOCWS) quantum codes, is the most general framework we know of to construct both additive and nonadditive codes from classical error-correcting codes. We describe the formalism of our scheme, demonstrate the construction with examples, and give several EAOCWS codes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1921-1936
Number of pages16
JournalQuantum Information Processing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
TAB would like to thank Ching-Yi Lai and Mark Wilde for useful conversations. TAB acknowledges financial support from NSF Grant CCF-0830801. This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2013R1A1A2011959). This research was supported by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program (IITP-2015-R0992-15-1017) supervised by the Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


  • Codeword stabilized quantum codes
  • Entanglement-assisted quantum error-correcting codes
  • Operator quantum error-correcting codes
  • Quantum error correction
  • Quantum information

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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