Epidemiology and factors related to clinical severity of acute gastroenteritis in hospitalized children after the introduction of rotavirus vaccination

Ahlee Kim, Ju Young Chang, Sue Shin, Hana Yi, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Sohee Oh

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23 Citations (Scopus)


We aimed to investigate epidemiology and host- and pathogen-related factors associated with clinical severity of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in children after rotavirus vaccination introduction. Factors assessed included age, co-infection with more than 2 viruses, and virus-toxigenic Clostridium difficile co-detection. Fecal samples and clinical information, including modified Vesikari scores, were collected from hospitalized children with AGE. The presence of enteric viruses and bacteria, including toxigenic C. difficile, was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Among the 415 children included, virus was detected in stool of 282 (68.0%) children. Co-infection with more than 2 viruses and toxigenic C. difficile were found in 24 (8.5%) and 26 (9.2%) children with viral AGE, respectively. Norovirus (n = 130) infection, including norovirus-associated co-infection, was the most frequent infection, especially in children aged < 24 months (P < 0.001). In the severityrelated analysis, age < 24 months was associated with greater diarrheal severity (P < 0.001) and modified Vesikari score (P = 0.001), after adjustment for other severityrelated factors including rotavirus status. Although the age at infection with rotavirus was higher than that for other viruses (P = 0.001), rotavirus detection was the most significant risk factor for all severity parameters, including modified Vesikari score (P < 0.001). Viral co-infection and toxigenic C. difficile co-detection were not associated with any severityrelated parameter. This information will be helpful in the management of childhood AGE in this era of rotavirus vaccination and availability of molecular diagnostic tests, which often lead to the simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-474
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.


  • Acute gastroenteritis
  • Age
  • Children
  • Clinical severity
  • Clostridium difficile
  • Co-Infection
  • Norovirus
  • Rotavirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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