Epirubicin, cisplatin, oral UFT, and leucovorin combination chemotherapy in advanced and metastatic esophageal cancer

In Keun Choi, Hee Yun Seo, Hwa Jung Sung, Kyong Hwa Park, Seok Jin Kim, Sang Cheul Oh, Jae Hong Seo, Chul Won Choi, Byung Soo Kim, Sang Won Shin, Yeul Hong Kim, Jun Suk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The purpose of treatment in patients with advanced and metastatic esophageal cancer is to improve symptoms and maintain quality of life. Recently, the regimen including epirubicin, cisplatin, and 5-FU (ECF) has been used with protracted venous infusion (PVI), and has been reported to be an effective treatment for advanced and metastatic csophagastric cancer. However, complications and the inconvenience associated with PVI cannot be justified for the treatment of advanced esophageal cancer. Therefore, we provided treatment with oral UFT and leucovorin instead of 5-FU PVI to improve convenience and catheter related complications. Patients and Methods: Thirty-seven patients with advanced esophageal cancer were admitted between March 2002 and April 2005. The treatment schedule was as follows: epirubicin 50 mg/m2 iv on d 1, cisplatin 60 mg/m2 iv on d 1, oral UFT 300 mg/m2 and leucovorin 75 mg for 21 consecutive days of treatment followed by a 7-d treatment-free interval. Results: The response rate was 45.9% including one complete response (95% CI: 29.8%-62%). The median survival was 13 mo (95% CI: 10-16 mo). Four patients had adenocarcinoma. Interestingly, their response rate was 75% including one complete response. Myelosuppression was the most important toxicity. Other toxicities were tolerable. Conclusion: The combination of epirubicin, cisplatin, UFT, and leucovorin (EPUL) could be another alternative to ECF in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. And this treatment might be more effective in adenocarcinoma of esophageal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-37
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun


  • Cisplatin
  • Epirubicin
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Leucovorin
  • Oral UFT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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