Estimation of fluoride intake from milk-based infant formulas and baby foods

Hie Jin Noh, Woosung Sohn, Baek Il Kim, Ho Keun Kwon, Choong Ho Choi, Hae Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to examine the amount of fluoride ingested from infant formula and baby food in infants aged up to 6 months in South Korea. The fluoride content of 20 commercially available formulas and 8 baby food samples from 4 different brands was measured using a modified microdiffusion method and fluoride ion selective electrode. The amount of fluoride (F) ingested by infants was estimated assuming that the samples were reconstituted with water containing 0, 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 ppm F. When the reconstituted formulas and baby foods contained 0.8 ppm F water, the infants were estimated to ingest fluoride in the range of 0.018 to 0.298 mg/kg/day. The findings of this study suggest that there is a need for clear guidelines for fluoride consumption by infants that should be followed by manufacturers and parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)NP1300-NP1309
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 4

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 APJPH.


  • baby food
  • fluoride intake
  • infant formula
  • infants
  • microdiffusion method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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