Evaluation of damwater-supply capacity in Korea using the water-shortage index

Chulsang Yoo, Changhyun Jun, Juhua Zhu, Wooyoung Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluates the dam water-supply capacity in Korea using the water shortage index. The water-shortage index (SI) and generalized water-shortage index (GSI) used in this study are evaluated and modified slightly by considering both the damage cost due to water-supply failure and the construction cost of water-supply systems in Korea. The modified indices are then applied for performance evaluation of 16 multipurpose dams in Korea, whose results are evaluated using different units: each dam, each river basin, and all dams. In the analysis of the dam level and basin level, water-supply problems are detected in several dams and in some river basins. However, the SI and GSI estimated for all dams are found to be lower than 1. This result indicates that, even though the total amount of storage capacity is enough to satisfy the design supply, water resources are not well spatially distributed in Korea. It is also found that the modified indices are valid to describe the performance of each dam in water deficient regions during occurrence years of major droughts. In conclusion, the SI and GSI can offer alternative ways of evaluating dam water supply under different environmental conditions and potentially help determine optimal water-storage capacity of dams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number956
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 1


  • Dam storage capacity
  • Drought
  • Korea
  • Water-shortage index
  • Water-supply capacity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Aquatic Science
  • Biochemistry


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