Evaluation of driving energy transferred to split spoon sampler for accuracy improvement of standard penetration test

Won Taek Hong, Sang Yeob Kim, Jong Sub Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Uncertainties in the driving energy transferred to the split spoon sampler (Esampler) cause inaccuracies of the standard penetration test (SPT) N values. In this study, an energy monitoring module (E-module) is developed to evaluate Esampler and correct N. To demonstrate the application of the E-module, SPTs were performed at three study sites where the grounds are mainly composed of silty sands, and the transferred energy at the head of the driving rod (Ehead) and Esampler were evaluated. In addition, static penetration resistances were measured to validate the energy corrections of N. The experimental results and analyses indicate that the N corrected using Esampler exhibits an improved relationship with static penetration resistances compared with that corrected using Ehead because the Esampler directly affects the penetration of the split spoon sampler. Therefore, the evaluation of Esampler using the E-module and the correction of N may be used to obtain improved subsurface characterizations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110384
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2020R1A2B5B03001470) and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2021R1A5A1032433).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Dynamic penetration
  • F-V integration method
  • SPT N value
  • Standard penetration test
  • Transferred energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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