Thermal discharge and heatwaves under climate change may increase water temperature. In this study, the individual and combined effect of elevated temperature and cadmium (Cd) toxicity on somatic growth and reproduction of Daphnia magna was evaluated using a simplified dynamic energy budget model (DEBtox). The model predicted that the maximum body length (Lm) would be shorter (3.705 mm) at an elevated temperature of 25 °C than at 20 °C (3.974 mm), whereas the maximum reproduction rate (R˙m) would be higher at 25 °C (5.735) than at 20 °C (5.591). The somatic growth and reproduction of D. magna were significantly (p < 0.05) reduced with increasing Cd concentrations, and the reduction was greater at 25 than at 20 °C. Potentiation of Cd toxicity by elevated temperature was correctly simulated by assuming four toxicological modes of action influencing assimilation, somatic maintenance and growth, and reproduction. Overall, the population growth rate of D. magna was expected to decrease linearly with increasing Cd concentrations, and the decrease was expected to be higher at 25 than at 20 °C. These findings suggest a significant ecological risk of toxic metals at elevated temperature, with a mechanistic interpretation of the potentiation effect using a DEBtox modeling approach.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government ( NRF-2016R1A2B4016299 and NRF-2019R1A2C1002890 ).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
- Chronic toxicity
- Energy budget
- Heavy metal
- Multiple stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis