Evaluation on the microstructure and durability of high-strength concrete containing electric arc furnace oxidizing slag

Tian Feng Yuan, Se Hee Hong, Jin Seok Choi, Young Soo Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The application of electric arc furnace oxidizing slag (EAS) in high strength concrete (HSC) as the cementitious material is investigated in this study. The microstructure and mechanical properties of HSC with four different replacement ratios of EAS were evaluated and HSC with two replacement ratios of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GBS) was used for performance comparison. The results show that the HSC with EAS replacement ratios smaller than 15% undergo similar hydration processes and result in a similar final product when compared with those of NC-NN. Increases in EAS replacement ratio cause a reduction in Ca(OH)2 content; this, in turn, leads to an increase in porosity and a reduction in compressive strength. In terms of shrinkage behavior under free conditions, mixtures with increasing replacement ratios of cementitious materials saw increasing shrinkage, with the HSC containing EAS being similar to the other specimens. The mixtures containing EAS saw a quite gradual decrease in their freezing and thawing resistance properties as the number of freeze–thaw cycles they underwent increased. However, the efficacy of HSC with less than 15% of EAS is similar to GBS; hence, EAS could replace cement in concrete for certain applications, which would lead to more environmental benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1304
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2020R1A6A1A03045059).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Cementitious material
  • Electric arc furnace oxidizing slag
  • Freezing and thawing resistance
  • Ground granulated blast furnace slag
  • Microstructure
  • Shrinkage properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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