Evolution of a compound droplet attached to a core-shell nozzle under the action of a strong electric field

S. N. Reznik, A. L. Yarin, E. Zussman, L. Bercovici

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118 Citations (Scopus)


The shape evolution of small compound droplets at the exit of a core-shell system in the presence of a sufficiently strong electric field is studied both experimentally and theoretically. It is shown that the jetting effect at the tip of the shell nozzle does not necessarily cause entrainment of the core fluid, in which case the co-electrospinning process fails to produce core-shell nanofibers. The remedy lies in extending the core nozzle outside its shell counterpart by about half the radius of the latter. The results also show that the free charges migrate very rapidly from both fluids and their interface to the free surface of the shell. This reflects the fact that most of the prejetting evolution of the droplet can be effectively described in terms of the perfect conductor model, even though the fluids can be characterized as leaky dielectrics. The stress level at the core-shell interface is of the order of 5×103(cms2), the relevant value in assessing the viability of viruses, bacteria, DNA molecules, drugs, enzymes, chromophores, and proteins to be encapsulated in nanofibers via co-electrospinning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062101
JournalPhysics of Fluids
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Volkswagen Stiftung. The technical assistance of R. Avrahami and E. Katz is appreciated.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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