Exchange rate regimes and economic linkages

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2 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate how the exchange rate regime influences economic linkages between countries. We divide the exchange rate regime into three classifications: currency union, peg and floating exchange rates. Unlike most studies that solely focus on the relationship between anchor and client countries, we infer the exchange rate regime between any two countries based on their relationship to the common anchor currency. Then we empirically explore how the various exchange rate regimes impact on bilateral trade, output co-movement and risk sharing. The extent of risk sharing is measured by consumption co-movement relative to output co-movement. We find that while currency union has the greatest effect, the peg regime also significantly boosts trade.We also find that while the peg regime contributes to both output and consumption co-movements, currency union strengthens only consumption co-movement and possibly lowers output co-movement.We interpret these findings to indicate that currency union, the strictest form of pegged regimes, leads to higher industry specialization and better risk sharing opportunities than the less strict peg regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Economic Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to an anonymous referee, Warwick McKibbin, Tom Willett, and seminar participants at the Australian National University, Claremont McKenna College and University of Southern California for helpful comments on an earlier draft. Jong Wha Lee acknowledges the support by a Korea University grant (K0516201).


  • Consumption co-movement
  • Exchange rate regime
  • Output co-movement
  • Risk sharing
  • Trade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Economics,Econometrics and Finance


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