Experiment setup for shear wave and electrical resistance measurements in an oedometer

Changho Lee, Jong Sub Lee, Woojin Lee, Tae Hyeon Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


The development of a new laboratory oedometer cell, which includes bender elements and an electrical resistance probe, is documented. The apparatus is used to evaluate consolidation characteristics such as primary consolidation, anisotropy, void ratio, and the preconsolidation stress by using the elastic and electromagnetic waves. Bender elements are installed on the top cap and the bottom plate and are also mounted on the wall of the oedometer cell. The electrical resistance probe is positioned onto the top cap of the oedometer cell. The primary consolidation time can be assessed with the evolution of shear wave velocity and the slope of the resistance-log time curve. The increment of the shear wave velocity, which propagates along the long axis of particles, is higher when the vertical effective stress is higher than the preconsolidation stress. The preconsolidation stress is confirmed by the relationship between the void ratio and the electrical resistance, and cementation and stress controlled regions are confirmed with the shear wave velocity. The electrical resistance linearly increases with the vertical effective stress in the stress controlled region. This study suggests that the shear wave velocity and electrical resistance provide complementary information about primary consolidation, anisotropy, void ratio, and the preconsolidation stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalGeotechnical Testing Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Korea University Grant and by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD) (KRF-2005-042-D00315). Prof. J. R. Valdes (San Diego State University), and the anonymous reviewers provided insightful comments and suggestions.


  • Anisotropy
  • Creep
  • Electrical resistance
  • Preconsolidation stress
  • Primary consolidation
  • Shear waves
  • Void ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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