Expression of glutaredoxin-1 in nasal polyps and airway epithelial cells

Hyun Jae Woo, Chang Hoon Bae, Si Youn Song, Yong Woon Kim, Heung Man Lee, Yong Dae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Glutaredoxins (GRX)-1 is glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase. However, the role of these enzymes remains unknown in airway inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we aimed to establish the expression pattern of GRX-1 in the nasal polyps (NPs) and to assess the regulatory mechanisms associated with GRX-1 expression in interleukin (IL)-1beta-treated airway epithelial cells. Methods: The expression of GRX-1 in NPs and normal nasal mucosa were analyzed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. IL-1beta-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and GRX-1 expression in the airway epithelial cells was determined by flow cytometry and immunoassay. Results: The expression level of GRX-1 in NPs was significantly higher than in the normal nasal mucosa (p < 0.05). GRX-1 was highly expressed in the surface epithelial cells and the submucosal glandular cells in the NPs. IL-1beta increased the intracellular ROS formation and GRX-1 expression in airway epithelial cells. The inhibition of IL-1beta-induced ROS production by N-acetyl-cystein, an ROS scavenger, reduced GRX-1 expression. Diphenyleneiodonium and apocynin, NADPH oxidase inhibitors, did not abolish IL-1beta-induced ROS formation and GRX-1 expression, whereas budesonide attenuated it. Conclusion: High GRX-1 expression in NPs might be a primary defense against chronic inflammatory oxidative stress in nasal mucosa. IL-1beta-induced up-regulation of GRX-1 in airway epithelial cells is probably mediated by ROS. Glucocorticoids can regulate IL-1beta-induced ROS formation and GRX-1 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology and Allergy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Airway epithelial cells
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Glutaredoxin-1
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Nasal polyps
  • Oxidative stress
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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