Fabrication and characterization of a YSZ/YDC composite electrolyte by a sol-gel coating method

Seung Goo Kim, Sung Pil Yoon, Suk Woo Nam, Sang Hoon Hyun, Seong Ahn Hong

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98 Citations (Scopus)


The compatibility of a composite electrolyte composed of a yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) film and a yttria-doped ceria (YDC) substrate in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) that can be operated under 800 °C was evaluated. The YSZ film coated on a YDC substrate was derived from a polymeric YSZ sol using a sol-gel spin coating method followed by heat-treatment at 1400 °C for 2 h. The SEM and XRD analysis indicated that there were no cracks, pinholes, or byproducts. The composite electrolyte comprising a YSZ film of 2 μm thickness and a YDC substrate of 1.6 mm thickness was used in a single cell performance test. A 0.5 V higher value of open circuit voltage (OCV) was found for the composite electrolyte single cell compared with an uncoated YDC single cell between 700 and 1050 °C and confirmed that the YSZ film was an electron blocking layer. The maximum power density of the composite electrolyte single cell at 800 °C, 122 mW/cm2 at 285 mA/cm2, is comparable with that of a YSZ single cell with the same thickness at 1000 °C, namely 144 mW/cm2 at 330 mA/cm2. The hypothetical oxygen partial pressure at the interface between the YSZ film and the YDC substrate for the composite electrolyte with the same thickness ratio at 800 °C is 5.58 × 10-18 atm which is two orders of magnitude higher than the equilibrium oxygen partial pressure of Ce2O3/CeO2, 2.5 × 10-20 atm, at the same temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-228
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jul 20

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.


  • Composite electrolyte
  • Low temperature SOFC
  • Single cell performance
  • Sol-gel coating
  • YSZ thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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