Fabrication and Operation Characteristics of Electrolyte Impregnated Matrix and Cathode for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells

Chang Whan Lee, Mihui Lee, Min Goo Kang, Jonghee Han, Sung Pil Yoon, Suk Woo Nam, Ki Bong Lee, Hyung Chul Ham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, an electrolyte impregnated cathode and matrix were fabricated using (Li/Na)2CO3 powders for use in a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). 87% of cathode pores and 90% of matrix pores were filled with electrolyte. A 25 cm2 single cell was used with electrolyte impregnated components. Cell performance of the single cell with electrolyte impregnated components showed a similar performance to a conventional single cell. After cell operation, electrolyte was found to have moved to the anode, cathode and matrix. The remaining electrolyte in matrix pores, cathode pores and anode pores are 94.62%, 42.75%, was 21.56%, respectively. By using electrolyte impregnated components, the change of the wet-seal height was decreased 86.78% (to 0.23 mm) comparing with the conventional cell. Electrolyte impregnated components will provide simplified pretreatment process and remove problems in the pretreatment condition such as non-uniform electrolyte melting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-286
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing - Green Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Renewable Energy R&D Program (No. 20143010031830 and No. 20163030031860) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), the Global Research Laboratory Program (Grant Number NRF-2009-00406) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Korea and the KIST institutional program for the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (2E27302).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Korean Society for Precision Engineering.


  • Cathode
  • Electrolyte
  • Impregnation
  • Matrix
  • Molten carbonate fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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