Factorization Approach for Sparse Spatio-Temporal Brain-Computer Interface

Byeong Hoo Lee, Jeong Hyun Cho, Byoung Hee Kwon, Seong Whan Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, advanced technologies have unlimited potential in solving various problems with a large amount of data. However, these technologies have yet to show competitive performance in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) which deal with brain signals. Basically, brain signals are difficult to collect in large quantities, in particular, the amount of information would be sparse in spontaneous BCIs. In addition, we conjecture that high spatial and temporal similarities between tasks increase the prediction difficulty. We define this problem as sparse condition. To solve this, a factorization approach is introduced to allow the model to obtain distinct representations from latent space. To this end, we propose two feature extractors: A class-common module is trained through adversarial learning acting as a generator; Class-specific module utilizes loss function generated from classification so that features are extracted with traditional methods. To minimize the latent space shared by the class-common and class-specific features, the model is trained under orthogonal constraint. As a result, EEG signals are factorized into two separate latent spaces. Evaluations were conducted on a single-arm motor imagery dataset. From the results, we demonstrated that factorizing the EEG signal allows the model to extract rich and decisive features under sparse condition.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1090-1097
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665490627
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 2022 Aug 212022 Aug 25

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
Volume2022-August
ISSN (Print)1051-4651

Conference

Conference26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2022
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period22/8/2122/8/25

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was partly supported by Institute of Information & Communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2017-0-00432, Development of Non-Invasive Integrated BCI SW Platform to Control Home Appliances and External Devices by User’s Thought via AR/VR Interface; No. 2017-0-00451, Development of BCI based Brain and Cognitive Computing Technology for Recognizing User’s Intentions using Deep Learning; No. 2019-0-00079, Artificial Intelligence Graduate School Program, Korea University).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

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