Factors influencing the severity of menopause symptoms in Korean post-menopausal women

Moon Soo Lee, Jong Hun Kim, Man Sik Park, Jaewon Yang, Young Hoon Ko, Seung Duk Ko, Sook Haeng Joe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


We have relatively limited knowledge of symptomatic aspects of the postmenopause, rather than perimenopause. We tried to determine the factors associated with experiencing menopausal symptoms by Korean postmenopausal women. A total of 657 Korean women who underwent a natural menopause completed multiple questionnaires, which included questions regarding their attitudes to menopause, depressive symptoms, state anxiety, self-esteem, dyadic relationships, sociodemographic variables, and 11-item Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Multiple regression analyses were performed to collectively examine the relative impact of each independent variable on the quality of life, as determined by the MRS. Decreased severity of menopausal symptoms was associated with more time spent in education, an employed status, a history of pregnancy, longer postmenopausal duration, positive attitudes to menopause, higher state anxiety, heightened self-esteem, and higher dyadic consensus. Increased severity of menopausal symptoms was also associated with absence of a partner, alcohol consumption, a history of hormone replacement therapy, a history of probable premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and increased severity of depressive symptoms. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, attitudes to menopause, a dyadic relationship with a partner, and the inner psychological status can be associated with the severity of menopause symptoms specifically in Korean postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-765
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May
Externally publishedYes


  • Dyadic relationship
  • Menopausal symptoms
  • Postmenopausal women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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