Failure behavior of SA508 Gr.1a LAS and SA312 TP316 SS pipes with a circumferential through-wall crack under large amplitude cyclic loads

Jin Weon Kim, Hyeong Do Kweon, Yun Jae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents cyclic fracture test results using small-scale through-wall cracked pipe specimens to investigate the effects of large-amplitude cyclic loads on failure behaviour for different pipe materials. SA508 Gr.1a low-alloy steel (LAS) and SA312 TP316 stainless steel (SS) pipes were used in the experiment. The tests were conducted under quasi-static monotonic, displacement-controlled, and load-controlled cyclic loadings at room temperature (RT). Regardless of the pipe material, displacement-controlled reversed cyclic loading significantly reduced deformation-ability and fracture resistance, promoting crack growth. These effects were more pronounced in the SA312 TP316 SS than in the SA508 Gr.1a LAS specimen. The material-dependence on fracture behaviour was considerable under monotonic load, but was near-negligible under displacement-controlled reversed cyclic loading. Under load-controlled cyclic loading, the number of cycles to failure, the maximum allowable crack extension, and deformation-ability of pipe specimens decreased as the amplitude and compressive level increased. For all load-controlled cyclic loads, the SA312 TP316 SS specimen was less resistant to failure than the SA508 Gr.1a LAS specimen. Regardless of the loading type, a circumferential through-wall crack grew out of the initial crack plane for the SA508 Gr.1a LAS specimen, but propagated in a straight line from the initial crack plane for the SA312 TP316 SS specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107524
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co. Ltd . (grant no. 2017–13 ) and by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20193110100020 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Circumferential through-wall crack
  • Cyclic fracture test
  • Failure behaviour
  • Large-amplitude cyclic loads
  • Small-scale pipe specimen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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