FCN Based Label Correction for Multi-Atlas Guided Organ Segmentation

for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Segmentation of medical images using multiple atlases has recently gained immense attention due to their augmented robustness against variabilities across different subjects. These atlas-based methods typically comprise of three steps: atlas selection, image registration, and finally label fusion. Image registration is one of the core steps in this process, accuracy of which directly affects the final labeling performance. However, due to inter-subject anatomical variations, registration errors are inevitable. The aim of this paper is to develop a deep learning-based confidence estimation method to alleviate the potential effects of registration errors. We first propose a fully convolutional network (FCN) with residual connections to learn the relationship between the image patch pair (i.e., patches from the target subject and the atlas) and the related label confidence patch. With the obtained label confidence patch, we can identify the potential errors in the warped atlas labels and correct them. Then, we use two label fusion methods to fuse the corrected atlas labels. The proposed methods are validated on a publicly available dataset for hippocampus segmentation. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed methods outperform the state-of-the-art segmentation methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-331
Number of pages13
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1


  • Deep learning
  • Fully convolutional network
  • Label fusion
  • Multi-atlas image segmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Information Systems


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