Fixture modelling for an automotive assembly line

Minho Chang, Minsuk Ko, Sang C. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes an efficient fixture modelling procedure for automotive body assembly lines. A fixture model consists of two sub-models; a geometric model and a kinetic model that should be remodelled frequently whenever design changes occur. We develop an algorithm extracting the kinetic model from the geometric model of a fixture to reduce the fixture modelling time and effort. Although the geometric models of fixtures used in automotive assembly lines vary, most follow the same kinetic mechanism, the so-called slider-crank mechanism; this is a four-axis system of three revolute and one prismatic joint. The prismatic axis of a fixture represents a pneumatic actuator involving a piston and a cylinder. It is very important to identify the prismatic axis from a given geometric model to extract the kinetic model of a fixture. We use the concept of the 'moment of inertia', which is a measure of an object's resistance to changes in its rotation rate, to identify the prismatic axis. Since the exact computation of the moment of inertia for an arbitrary solid model requires complicated computations, we introduce an approximating method for the moment of inertia. The proposed procedure has been implemented and tested with various examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4593-4604
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1


  • automotive body assembly
  • fixture modelling
  • geometric model
  • kinetic model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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