Flexible Thermoelectric Generators Composed of n-and p-Type Silicon Nanowires Fabricated by Top-Down Method

Jinyong Choi, Kyoungah Cho, Sangsig Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This study demonstrates the fabrication and characterization of a flexible thermoelectric (TE) power generator composed of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) fabricated by top-down method and discusses its strain-dependence analysis. The Seebeck coefficients of the p- and n-type SiNWs used to form a pn-module are 156.4 and −146.1 µV K−1, respectively. The maximum power factors of the p- and n-type SiNWs are obtained as 8.79 and 8.87 mW (m K2)−1, respectively, under a convex bending of 1.11%, respectively; these are the largest values among the power factors hitherto reported for SiNWs. The dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) values of the SiNWs at room temperature are 6.8 × 10−2 and 6.7 × 10−2 for the convex bent p- and n-type SiNWs, respectively, with a strain of 1.11%. The thermoelectric properties of the pn-module and its component SiNWs are characterized under strain conditions ranging from −1.11% to 1.11%. The maximum Seebeck coefficient and power factor of the pn-module are obtained as 448 µV K−1 and 14.2 mW (m K2)−1, respectively, under convex bending of 1.11%. Moreover, the mechanical stability of the TE characteristics of the pn-module is demonstrated through a continuous bending test of 3000 cycles under convex bending of 0.66%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 5

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • Si nanowires
  • flexible
  • power generation
  • strain
  • thermoelectric module

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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