Flow regimes for horizontal two-phase flow of CO2 in a heated narrow rectangular channel

Rin Yun, Yongchan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Two-phase flow patterns of CO2 in a narrow rectangular channel or a small diameter tube are very important in understanding heat transfer characteristics and in developing an appropriate heat transfer correlation. Geometric effects on two-phase flow patterns of CO2 are very significant in many respects. In the present study, the flow boiling process of CO2 in a horizontal narrow rectangular channel, having a width of 16mm and a height of 2mm, is visualized at various test conditions, and then the effects of mass flux are analyzed. Based on the test results, a flow regime map is developed and then compared with the existing maps and flow regime transition criteria that are selected by considering physical phenomena occurred during the flow regime transition processes of CO2. In addition, the flow transition criteria for bubbly-slug, slug-annular, and bubbly-annular flow in a horizontal narrow channel are proposed by comparing the test data with existing transition criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1270
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was jointly supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (grant no. R01-2002-000-00481-0), the Korea Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, and the Korea University (Post-Doc. grant in 2003).

Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • CO
  • Flow boiling
  • Flow pattern
  • Flow regime map
  • Horizontal flow
  • Narrow channel
  • Transition criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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