Foot Pressure Feedback Pneumatic Orthosis: Implication of Daily Life Walking Training for Knee Osteoarthritis Patients

Jaewook Kim, Hyun Sik Moon, Song Joo Lee, Jong Min Lee, Shinsuk Park, Seung Jong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) usually experience pain in the medial compartment of their knee which accompany varus postures. This causes much larger lateral-side foot pressure than that of the medial side which may lead to functional limitation in their daily life. Reducing knee loading during gait could help patients with KOA alleviate pain and improve walking functions. In this study, a prototype for a new pneumatic knee orthosis (PKO) is developed to support the knee by increasing the pneumatic pressure of the PKO during the stance period of walking using foot pressure feedback in real time. Force-sensing resistor sensors in the PKO were used to detect the gait phase and monitor the foot pressures in real time. To investigate the feasibility of the system, walking tests on a treadmill were performed at 2 km/h and 3 km/h by healthy subjects. The results show that the developed PKO can reduce lateral-side foot pressure during stance phase. The PKO in this study could be used as a research tool to investigate the relationship between foot pressure and knee loading as well as therapeutic purposes to reduce medial compartment loading in the knee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2191-2198
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. CAP-18-01-KIST), a Korea University Grant and by the Intramural Program (Project No. K1804361) of Korea University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Korean Society for Precision Engineering.


  • Foot pressure
  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • Pneumatic knee orthosis
  • Walking training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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