Forest landscape restoration under global environmental change: Challenges and a future roadmap

Florent Noulèkoun, Sylvanus Mensah, Emiru Birhane, Yowhan Son, Asia Khamzina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The adverse impacts of ecosystem degradation have raised the need for forest landscape restoration (FLR) to be included in international sustainability agendas. However, the path towards successful FLR implementation faces numerous biophysical, socioeconomic and governance challenges because FLR operates within complex socioecological systems. In the present study, we review and discuss FLR challenges in the context of global environmental change. We propose a roadmap consisting of five interlinked steps to overcome these challenges: (1) advancing ecological knowledge supporting FLR, (2) adapting FLR management to environmental change through strengthening globally distributed experimental networks, (3) implementing modelling approaches, (4) improving socioeconomic and governance dimensions, and (5) developing evidence-based knowledge platforms. The roadmap offers an iterative and adaptive framework for the continuous evaluation and improvement of FLR strategies and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number276
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: This study was carried out with the support of ´R&D Program for Forest Science Technology (Project No. 2020181A00-2122-BB01)´ provided by Korea Forest Service (Korea Forestry Promotion Institute). The support of the BK21 (Brain Korea 21 Program for Leading Universities and Students) FOUR program (Grant No. 4120200313708) funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), the support of the NRF Grant No. 2019R1I1A1A01064336 and the support of O-Jeong Resilience Institute (OJERI) are all gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Environmental change
  • Evidence-based platform
  • Functional restoration
  • Participatory monitoring
  • Silvicultural management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry


Dive into the research topics of 'Forest landscape restoration under global environmental change: Challenges and a future roadmap'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this