Double-layered emulsion is a structure that has one more layer over the droplet, which is developed to protect the core material and is applicable to various fields such as food, cosmetic and CO2 capture. However, the mechanism of double emulsion formation is not well established. In this study, the manufacturing process of hybrid double layered emulsion CO2 solvents is analyzed to clarify the mechanism of droplet formation and to control encapsulation of chemical absorbent. The droplet formation models are developed by considering dimensionless numbers, which can predict the size of inner and middle droplets of the double emulsion structure. The droplet formation models are verified experimentally. The number of encapsulated solvents can be precisely controlled according to optimum frequencies at which the inner and middle droplets are effectively formed. In particular, the middle phase, which is the ultraviolet curable material, protects inner cores and the thickness of middle phase (shell thickness) can be predicted. Optimum ratio of middle droplet diameter to inner droplet diameter is in the range of 0.7–0.93. The optimal conditions of droplet formation are proposed by the developed models, and it can be extended to other microfluidic devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
S.K. and R.X. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (Grant number: 2019R1A2B5B03069991). The authors would like to acknowledge Sae Young Kim for contributing to the simulation analysis.
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Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- double emulsion CO solvents
- droplet size prediction model
- formation mechanism
- optimum formation frequency
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering