Fortifying Zinc Metal Anodes against Uncontrollable Side-Reactions and Dendrite Growth for Practical Aqueous Zinc Ion Batteries: A Novel Composition of Anti-Corrosive and Zn2+ Regulating Artificial Protective Layer

Jong Hyun Park, Changhoon Choi, Jung Been Park, Seungho Yu, Dong Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aqueous zinc-ion batteries (AZIBs) have recently gained significant attention for grid-scale energy storage applications owing to their high intrinsic energy density, low cost, and environmental benignity. Nevertheless, uncontrolled Zn dendrite accumulation, H2 gas generation, and inevitable corrosion resulting from intricate water-induced side-reactions remain the main hurdles to AZIB commercialization. To overcome these problems, it is imperative to develop easy-to-handle strategies for the construction of versatile artificial protective layers (APL) on Zn surfaces. Inspired by the suppressed HER and anti-corrosive properties of zinc silicate (Zn2SiO4), this study rationally designed a novel APL consisting of Zn2SiO4 nanospheres and decorated surface-modified carbon nanotube (CNT) to produce a stable and durable Zn anode (C-ZSL@Zn). The C-ZSL layer simultaneously improved Zn2+ transport kinetics and the Zn2+ de-solvation effect, maintained electrically insulating properties, and uniformized Zn2+ flux on the Zn surface, synergistically enabling corrosion-free and dendrite-free Zn plating/stripping behavior on C-ZSL@Zn. Consequently, the C-ZSL@Zn achieved prolonged lifespans of ≈1600 (at 1 mA cm–2) and ≈1100 h (at a high depth of discharge of ≈51.24%) with ultralow voltage hysteresis in symmetric cells, together with improved cycling stability for coin- and pouch-type Zn||α-MnO2 full-cells. This study creates a new avenue for constructing stable APL@Zn anodes for practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2302493
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb 2

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Keywords

  • anti-corrosion
  • aqueous zinc ion batteries
  • artificial protective layer
  • zinc dendrites
  • zinc metal anodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

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