Foulant characterization and distribution in spiral wound reverse osmosis membranes from different pressure vessels

Sung Jo Kim, Byung Soo Oh, Hye Weon Yu, Lan Hee Kim, Chang Min Kim, Eun Tae Yang, Myung Seop Shin, Am Jang, Moon Hyun Hwang, In S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the origin and extent of membrane fouling on spiral wound module (SWM) elements from different pressure vessels and the distribution of membrane foulants inside the SWM elements were systematically investigated using the membrane autopsy methods. Three fouled SWM elements from different pressure vessels were examined for a quantitative and qualitative comparison of membrane foulants. Results obtained indicate that a major contributor to membrane fouling were fulvic acid components, consisting of small, hydrophilic compounds from the raw groundwater. A small amount of inorganic components such as Fe and Al, which can form a complex structure with fulvic acid, also partially contributed to the membrane fouling of lead elements in first pass RO vessels. In particular, through the elemental comparisons of two sheets (both sides) of fouled membranes obtained from identical positions of a membrane leaf, the distribution of membrane foulants inside the SWM elements was fully evaluated. Based on the data obtained, much more organic and inorganic foulants were accumulated on the back side of the membrane leaf than on the front side. Overall, these results would help improve understanding of fouling behavior inside membrane modules and pressure vessels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-52
Number of pages9
JournalDesalination
Volume370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 7
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by grants ( 07SeaHeroA01-01 and 14IFIP-B089684-01 ) from the Plant Technology Advancement Program funded by the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs of the Korean Government and in part by LG electronics Inc. The authors would also like to acknowledge Prof. Jaeweon Cho in Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) for the use of equipment for organic analysis and Dr. Sanghyun Jeong in the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS) for the analysis of fluorescence data.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015.

Keywords

  • Brackish water reverse osmosis
  • Dissolved organic matter
  • Fulvic acid
  • Membrane autopsy
  • Spiral wound module

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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