Although diamine-appended metal-organic framework (MOF) adsorbents exhibit excellent CO2adsorption performance, a continuous decrease in long-term capacity during repeated wet cycles remains a formidable challenge for practical applications. Herein, we present the fabrication of diamine-appended Mg2(dobpdc)-alumina beads (een-MOF/Al-Si-Cx; een = N-ethylethylenediamine; x = number of carbon atoms attached to epoxide) coated with hydrophobic silanes and alkyl epoxides. The reaction of epoxides with diamines in the portal of the pore afforded sufficient hydrophobicity, hindered the penetration of water vapor into the pores, and rendered the modified diamines less volatile. een-MOF/Al-Si-C17-200 (een-MOF/Al-Si-C17-y; y = 50, 100, and 200, denoting wt % of C17 with respect to the bead, respectively), with substantial hydrophobicity, showed a significant uptake of 2.82 mmol g-1at 40 °C and 15% CO2, relevant to flue gas concentration, and a reduced water adsorption. The modified beads maintained a high CO2capacity for over 100 temperature-swing adsorption cycles in the presence of 5% H2O and retained CO2separation performance in breakthrough tests under humid conditions. This result demonstrates that the epoxide coating provides a facile and effective method for developing promising adsorbents with high CO2adsorption capacity and long-term durability, which is a required property for postcombustion applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2021R1A2B5B03086313) and the Priority Research Centers Program (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11044070). The authors thank the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics (IBS-R023-D1) for providing NMR spectrometry and professional technical support. They also appreciate Dr. Hwimin Seo and Dr. Yong-Ki Park at KRICT for helping them fabricate shaped MOF beads.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry