Fundamentals and application of reverse osmosis membrane processes

Jungbin Kim, Jihun Lim, Kiho Park, Seungkwan Hong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)


Traditionally, thermal-based desalination was favored because it is easily adaptable and can produce high-quality water. Because humans have used thermal-based desalination for thousands of years to obtain freshwater by boiling salted feedwater, this traditional method has been expanded to forms such as multistage flash and multieffect distillation. However, with the development of membrane technology, membrane-based desalination has attracted increasing attention. Among these membrane-based desalination technologies, reverse osmosis (RO) is one of the most widely utilized technology for water treatment. The preference for RO for desalination has increased obviously. The capacities of installed RO plants for seawater desalination are higher than 65% of the overall installed capacities for seawater desalination in 2013. With the reduction in the overall cost of desalination systems, the capacity for desalination has continuously increased. Under these circumstances, the importance of RO systems has also tremendously increased.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOsmosis Engineering
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9780128210161
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Desalination
  • Membrane
  • Membrane fouling
  • Osmosis engineering
  • Reverse osmosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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