GaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diodes with AuCl3-doped graphene electrodes

Byung Jae Kim, Gwangseok Yang, Hong Yeol Kim, Kwang Hyeon Baik, Michael A. Mastro, Jennifer K. Hite, Charles R. Eddy, Fan Ren, Stephen J. Pearton, Jihyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate AuCl3-doped graphene transparent conductive electrodes integrated in GaN-based ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with an emission peak of 363 nm. AuCl3 doping was accomplished by dipping the graphene electrodes in 5, 10 and 20 mM concentrations of AuCl3 solutions. The effects of AuCl3 doping on graphene electrodes were investigated by current-voltage characteristics, sheet resistance, scanning electron microscope, optical transmittance, micro-Raman scattering and electroluminescence images. The optical transmittance was decreased with increasing the AuCl3 concentrations. However, the forward currents of UV LEDs with p-doped (5, 10 and 20 mM of AuCl3 solutions) graphene transparent conductive electrodes at a forward bias of 8 V were increased by ~48, 63 and 73%, respectively, which can be attributed to the reduction of sheet resistance and the increase of work function of the graphene. The performance of UV LEDs was drastically improved by AuCl3 doping of graphene transparent conductive electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29025-29030
Number of pages6
JournalOptics Express
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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