General strategy for yolk-shell nanospheres with tunable compositions by applying hollow carbon nanospheres

Gi Dae Park, Ju Hyeong Kim, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Yolk-shell structure architecture is considered to be important in the fields that requires nanostructured designs such as energy storage systems. In particular, the internal and external structures, as well as compositions of yolk-shell materials, should be controllable in wide ranges to improve their properties for efficient applications in various fields. In this study, a new and general strategy to fabricate yolk-shell nanospheres with tunable compositions of yolk and shell parts under mild vacuum conditions is proposed. The melted metal salt is infiltrated in the void space of the hollow porous carbon nanospheres to form a yolk-shell structure under vacuum conditions, resulting in a yolk-shell structure with the configuration of a transition metal oxide (TMO)@void@C after a decomposition process under a vacuum. Yolk-shell nanospheres with configurations of TMO@void@TMO-C and TMO-C@void@TMO-C are also synthesized by controlling the vacuum degree for the infiltration of metal salt. Iron oxide, nickel oxide, and multicomponent materials are applied to confirm the applicability of the suggested method. This method facilitated in the tuning of the internal and external compositions was validated using various supporting data. The unique structured nanospheres with a configuration of FeOx-C@void@C showed an excellent lithium-ion storage performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126840
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education ( NRF-2019R1A2C2088047 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.


  • Carbon nanocomposite
  • Hollow carbon nanosphere
  • Nanostructure design
  • Nanostructured materials
  • Yolk-shell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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