Generating Cuts from Surrogate Constraint Analysis for Zero-One and Multiple Choice Programming

Fred Glover, Hanif D. Sherali, Youngho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new surrogate constraint analysis that gives rise to a family of strong valid inequalities called surrogate-knapsack (S-K) cuts. The analytical procedure presented provides a strong S-K cut subject to constraining the values of selected cut coefficients, including the right-hand side. Our approach is applicable to both zero-one integer problems and problems having multiple choice (generalized upper bound) constraints. We also develop a strengthening process that further tightens the S-K cut obtained via the surrogate analysis. Building on this, we develop a polynomial-time separation procedure that successfully generates an S-K cut that renders a given non-integer extreme point infeasible. We show how sequential lifting processes can be viewed in our framework, and demonstrate that our approach can obtain facets that are not available to standard lifting methods. We also provide a related analysis for generating "fast cuts". Finally, we present computational results of the new S-K cuts for solving 0-1 integer programming problems. Our outcomes disclose that the new cuts are capable of reducing the duality gap between optimal continuous and integer feasible solutions more effectively than standard lifted cover inequalities, as used in modern codes such as the CPLEX mixed 0-1 integer programming solver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-172
Number of pages22
JournalComputational Optimization and Applications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported in part by the National Science and Engineering Council of Canada under Grants 5-83998 and 5-84181, and by the National Science Foundation under Grant DMI-9521398.

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Chvátal Gomory cuts
  • Fractional surrogate constraint cuts
  • Knapsack polytope
  • Liftings
  • Separation procedure
  • Surrogate-knapsack cuts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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