TRAIL has been suggested to induce the cell death in various tumor cells but not in normal cells; however, several studies have provided the evidence that TRAIL can induce the cell death in some normal cells including human normal hepatocytes, suggesting that TRAIL may show hepatic toxicity in human. In this study, we designed a pro-form of TRAIL (sTRAIL:IL-18) in that soluble TRAIL (sTRAIL) is fused to IL-18, and a matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) cleavage site is introduced at the connecting site. We showed that sTRAIL:IL-18 has significantly diminished the killing activity in HeLa cells but regains the activity by releasing the free sTRAIL through MMP-2-mediated cleavage. In addition, the killing activity of sTRAIL:IL-18 was significantly increased in HeLa cells when active MMP-2 was produced by TNF-α. Taken together, the data suggested that the sTRAIL:IL-18 can be reactivated at the specialized areas where MMPs are pathologically produced.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant (0220110-3 to T-H Kim) of the 2002 Korean National Cancer Control Program, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea.
- Cell death
- Matrix metalloproteinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology