Six large Ultra-High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) slabs were fabricated and tested to investigate the restrained shrinkage and cracking behaviors. The use of expanded polystyrene and Teflon sheets with two different slab thicknesses was considered to improve the shrinkage crack resistance. Free shrinkage was simultaneously measured to evaluate the degree of restraint according to the above test parameters. The test results showed that free shrinkage strains of –689 με to –723 με were obtained after 9 days, and prismatic specimens with a higher exposed surface area-to-volume ratio (S/V) had slightly higher free shrinkage strains than those with a lower S/V. Increasing the concrete slab thickness and using expanded polystyrene and Teflon sheets were effective at reducing the degree of restraint and improving the shrinkage crack resistance of the UHPFRC slabs. Among the various specimens, the slabs with the expanded polystyrene exhibited the lowest degree of restraint by 0.45 after 9 days.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017, Korean Society of Civil Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
- Degree of restraint
- Expanded polystyrene
- Shrinkage crack resistance
- Teflon sheet
- Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering