Germinated brown rice and its bio-functional compounds

Dong Hwa Cho, Seung Taik Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

212 Citations (Scopus)


Brown rice (BR) contains bran layers and embryo, where a variety of nutritional and biofunctional components, such as dietary fibers, γ-oryzanol, vitamins, and minerals, exist. However, BR is consumed less than white rice because it has an inferior eating texture when cooked. Germination is one of the techniques used to improve the texture of the cooked BR. In addition, it induces numerous changes in the composition and chemical structure of the bioactive components. Moreover, many studies reported that the germination could induce the formation of new bioactive compounds, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). The consumption of germinated brown rice (GBR) is increasing in many Asian countries because of its improved eating quality and potential health-promoting functions. However, there is still a lack of studies on the compositional and functional changes of the bioactive components during germination. This review contains recent research findings, especially on the bioactive components in GBR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-271
Number of pages13
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1


  • Brown rice
  • Germination
  • Rice bran oil
  • c-Aminobutyric acid
  • c-Oryzanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science


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