GITGAN: Generative inter-subject transfer for EEG motor imagery analysis

Kang Yin, Elissa Yanting Lim, Seong Whan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Domain adaptation (DA) plays a crucial role in achieving subject-independent performance in Brain-Computer Interface (BCI). However, previous studies have primarily focused on developing intricate network architecture designs, neglecting the impact of source data quality and the challenges posed by the out-of-distribution target data problem. To address these limitations, we argue that a target data-centered space, augmented by a carefully selected set of high-quality source data, can significantly enhance DA. In this study, we present an unsupervised end-to-end subject adaptation approach called GITGAN, a generative inter-subject transfer for electroencephalography motor imagery analysis. We also propose a practical and effective method for selecting source data, which further enhances performance. Our approach is non-intrusive, as it does not modify the target data distribution, thus preserving its integrity for further numerical and visual analysis. Our extensive experiments with two different datasets demonstrate not only the superiority of our approach compared to existing methods, but also its phenomenal potential for practical BCI applications. The findings of this study provide valuable insights into the potential of BCI and illustrate the importance of considering source data quality in DA. The implementation is available at

Original languageEnglish
Article number110015
JournalPattern Recognition
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Brain-computer interface (BCI)
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • Generative adversarial learning
  • Unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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