Gold-incorporated porous hollow carbon nanofiber for reversible magnesium-metal batteries

Seongsoo Lee, Dong Woo Kang, Jin Hwan Kwak, Sunghee Shin, Jun Woo Park, Seung Ho Yu, Hun Gi Jung, Byung Gon Kim, Hee Dae Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Rechargeable magnesium-metal batteries have received ever-increasing attention as potential alternatives to current Li-ion batteries. Although the most relevant studies have mainly focused on exploring compatible electrolyte and cathode materials, relatively less attention has been paid to the development of an efficient anode host. Herein, we propose a unique anode host with a porous hollow carbon nanofiber structure and gold nanoparticles incorporated in the interior (Au@PCNF). Using the dual-nozzle electrospinning technique, a porous web body was configured with the hierarchical network of hollow carbon nanofibers, with the interior of each string specially designed to embed Au nanoparticles. We demonstrated that Au nanoparticles can act as magnesiophilic sites for Mg plating; therefore, we decorated the magnesiophilic seeds inside the hollow nanofibers to efficiently attract newly deposited Mg metal. The unique feature of Au@PCNF not only reduced the nucleation overpotentials for Mg plating but also guided the even deposition of Mg metal on the substrate. As a result, Au@PCNF exhibited stable and long-term cycle performance with enhanced adhesion property for the newly deposited Mg metal compared with other controls. This novel structural design is promising for the development of efficient anode hosts for magnesium-metal batteries, which will help open an avenue for the practical application of multivalent-ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133968
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2E30991) and a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2021R1C1C1003628). B. G. Kim acknowledges support received from the Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute (KERI) Primary Research Program of MSIT/NST (21A01009).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)


  • Anode
  • Carbon nanofiber
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Magnesium-metal battery
  • Nucleation seed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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