GPS: Factorized group preference-based similarity models for sparse sequential recommendation

Yeongwook Yang, Danial Hooshyar, Heui Seok Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


One of the key tasks for recommender systems is the prediction of personalized sequential behavior. There are two primary means of modeling sequential patterns and long-term user preferences: Markov chains and matrix factorization, respectively. Together, they provide a unified approach to predicting user actions. In spite of their strengths in tackling dense data, however, these methods struggle with the sparsity issues often present in real-world datasets. In approaching this problem, we propose combining similarity-based methods (demonstrably helpful for sequentially unaware item recommendation) with Markov chains to offer individualized sequential recommendations. This approach, called GPS (a factorized group preference-based similarity model), further leverages the idea of group preference along with user preference to introduce a greater array of interactions between users—which in turn eases the problem of data sparsity and cold users and cuts down on the assumption of a strong independency within various factors. By applying our method to a range of large, real-world datasets, we demonstrate quantitatively that GPS outperforms several state-of-the-art methods, particularly in cases with sparse datasets. Regarding qualitative findings, GPS also grasps personalized interactions and can provide recommendations that are both on-target and meaningful.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-411
Number of pages18
JournalInformation Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Special thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments which helped us make this paper better. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP)[grant number NRF-2016R1A2B2015912 ] and Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT)(No. 2016-0-00010-003 , Digital Content In-House R&D).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • Group preference
  • Recommender systems
  • Sequential recommendation
  • Similarity models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Artificial Intelligence


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