Gray-level disturbance in pulse number modulation and its reduction algorithm

Chang-Su Kim, Rin Chul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An effective algorithm to reduce gray-level disturbance (GLD) in pulse number modulation is proposed. GLD occurs when moving image sequences are presented by plasma display panels (PDPs) or digital micromirror devices (DMDs), which use pulse number modulation to express gray levels. We first develop a systematic model or GLD, and then show that GLD can be eliminated if the light emission pattern of every gray level has the same shape. Based on the ideal condition, we design subfield and driving vectors. The lexicographically largest vector is employed as the subfield vector, since it can flexibly control the shapes of light emission patterns. Then, three methods are proposed to determine driving vectors: the zero-order, first-order, and tree methods. The zero-order method has the lowest implementation complexity, whereas the tree method reduces GLD most effectively. The first-order method offers a good tradeoff between implementation complexity and disturbance reduction capability. Simulation results demonstrate that these methods suppress GLD effectively and provide good moving image quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043002
JournalJournal of Electronic Imaging
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC), Korea, partly under the IT Foreign Specialist Inviting Program (ITFSIP) and partly under the ITRC support program (IITA-2006-C1090-0603-0017), both of which are supervised by the Institute of Information Technology Assessment (IITA).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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