In this paper, we study a beam tracking problem for millimeter wave (mmWave) channels in massive multiple-input and multiple-output communication systems. We formulate the beam tracking problem as a stochastic filtering problem by modeling the dynamic state equation and the observation equation. Then, given prior information of the channel, we propose an efficient grid-based Bayesian beam tracking algorithm by leveraging the sparsity of the mmWave channel. Our proposed algorithm examines neighboring transmit and receive beam pairs and exploits multiple observations on the angular domain representation in the sense of the Bayesian statistics. Numerical results show that the proposed Bayesian method with multiple observations outperforms conventional schemes in terms of both the beam tracking accuracy and computational complexity.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 1967-2012 IEEE.
- Bayesian inference
- Beam tracking
- millimeter-wave communication
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Automotive Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics